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A picture of a Freesia


Freesia spp.

Also known as

Ruikpypie (Afr.)

Flower March 2010-2 by Alvesgaspar (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Freesia

Some yellow white Freesia flowers on a plant
Some white Freesia flowers
A close up of some Freesia flowers from the side
A close up of some yellow Freesia flowers
A yellow Freesia flower growing in the wild

Freesia Overview

Freesia is a genus containing approximately 16 species in the iris family, Iridaceae. Freesias are commercially cultivated for the cut flower industry and are on the list of top 10 cut flowers in the Dutch Market. It is a spring-flowering bulb, planted in gardens with a dormant summer. After planting the bulb at the end of summer, they quickly grow to produce a pretty, usually fragrant flowers in spring. The commonly grown plants are a result of a cross between F. refracta and F. leichtlinii, many cultivars have been bred from these species and the pink- and yellow-flowered forms of F. corymbosa. They are half-hardy and will require a spot in full sun with well-drained soil. Water throughout the winter. May need the support of twigs or small canes.

Common problems with Freesia

Susceptible to red spider mite, aphids, dry rot and Fusarium wilt.

How to harvest Freesia

Flowers can be harvested for the vase, cut once the first flowers start opening.

How to propagate Freesia


Sow seed in autumn or winter and keep moist.


Divide offsets from the little corms in autumn.

Special features of Freesia

Attracts useful insects

Including bees!

Pot plant

Can be grown in containers, place in full sun and provide good drainage. Keep pots dry in the dormant phase!

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Freesia

Grown for their usually fragrant flowers, which are popular for cutting.

Fragrant Flowers - Top 20

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