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A picture of a Hydrangea


Hydrangea macrophylla

Also known as

Common Hydrangea, Bigleaf Hydrangea, Hortensia, Lace-Cap Hydrangea, Florist's Hydrangea, Krismisrose (Afr.)

Photo by Rachel1951 (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








5 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Hydrangea

A photo of Hydrangea
A photo of Hydrangea
A photo of Hydrangea
A photo of Hydrangea
A photo of Hydrangea

Hydrangea Overview

Hydrangea macrophylla is a large-leaved, deciduous shrub species from the Hydrangeaceae family. It produces huge, showy flowerheads during the summer. These may be blue when the soil tends more towards an acid pH, white or pink if the soil tends towards an alkaline pH. Leave old flowerheads on to provide winter interest. It has a rounded habit and is hardy to around -15 degrees Celsius, plant in a position of full sun to partial shade, in moist, well-draining soil for optimal growth. Originating from Japan, this is one of the most popularly grown Hydrangea plants, it is a common sight in many gardens and many cultivars have been developed from it for garden use. The leaves hold water which makes it a popular choice for planting close to buildings, acting as a fire break. The leaves can be fermented and used medicinally.

Common problems with Hydrangea

How to harvest Hydrangea

Pick fresh leaves and flowers as needed.

How to propagate Hydrangea



Special features of Hydrangea

Hedge plant

Make effective lower hedge screen.

Attractive flowers

Autumn colour

Attracts useful insects

Pot plant

Grow easily in a pot watered thoroughly once a week during growth phase.

Other uses of Hydrangea

Specimen, ornamental, containers. Summer interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.


It has antimicrobical and antiallergic properties.


The fermented leaves can be made into a drink.

Fire break

The leaves hold water, making it difficult to catch fire. Plant them along hedges or buildings to serve as fire break.

Larger Shrubs for Gardens

For larger gardens, these flowering shrubs are perfect additions to provide habitat and food for pollinators.

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Moisture Loving Plants - Top 20

Damp, wet locations are perfect for these perennial plants.

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