Also known as
Japanese Camellia, Rose Of Winter, Snow camellia
Photo by MidnightVisitor (All rights reserved)
This plant has no fragrance
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Common Camellia Overview
Camellia japonica is an evergreen shrub or tree species from the Theaceae family. It can produce beautiful flowers year-round if grown in ideal conditions and it is commonly known by the names Rose Of Winter, Japanese Camellia and Common Camellia. There are several species of Camellia, including Camellia sinensis, the tea plant, which is used to produce green, white and black tea. This plant is one of the most commonly found species, it can be used for hedging and borders or just as a beautiful focal point in your garden. The darker flowering Camellias can withstand a bit more sun, but the pink and white forms are usually grown in shade. If you find that leaf veins are turning yellow, you might need to adjust the pH of your soil, the ideal pH is slightly acidic, between 6.0-6.5.
Common problems with Common Camellia
How to harvest Common Camellia
Flowers can be cut whenever desired.
How to propagate Common Camellia
Air Layering - cut a branch partially through, dip in hormone (or cinnamon), bend the branch so cut area touches the soil, weigh it down to keep it in place, leave to root and cut away parent plant.
Seeds may be sown at a temperature of 70 to 75 degrees F and will germinate in one or two months.
Softwood cuttings: cut a 10cm long new shoot, remove half of the leaves on the shoot, dip the base in rooting hormone (or alternatively cinnamon powder) & plant in moist compost.
Special features of Common Camellia
You are able to successfully grow Camellias in a container indoors.
It can be grown as a beautiful hedge, prune into the shape and size you want. Camellias grow well in spring and summer but not much during autumn and winter. The best time to prune is in autumn or after flowering.
Camellias do nicely in pots. Ensure good drainage and a good potting soil mix.
Colours range from white to pink and red.
Other uses of Common Camellia
Ornamental, foliage, hedging, border, container. Spring interest.
Larger Shrubs for Gardens
For larger gardens, these flowering shrubs are perfect additions to provide habitat and food for pollinators.