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A picture of a Common Camellia

Common Camellia

Camellia japonica

Also known as

Japanese Camellia, Rose Of Winter, Snow camellia

Photo by MidnightVisitor (All rights reserved)

Partial Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Common Camellia

A close up of a red Camellia japonica flower
Some Camellia japonica with green leaves and red flowers
A close up of some green Camellia japonica with red flowers growing
A close up of a red pink Camellia japonica flower and some green leaves
A red Camellia japonica flower with green leaves

Common Camellia Overview

Camellia japonica is an evergreen shrub or tree species from the Theaceae family. It can produce beautiful flowers year-round if grown in ideal conditions and it is commonly known by the names Rose Of Winter, Japanese Camellia and Common Camellia. There are several species of Camellia, including Camellia sinensis, the tea plant, which is used to produce green, white and black tea. This plant is one of the most commonly found species, it can be used for hedging and borders or just as a beautiful​ focal point in your garden. The darker flowering Camellias can withstand a bit more sun, but the pink and white forms are usually grown in shade. If you find that leaf veins are turning yellow, you might need to adjust the pH of your soil, the ideal pH is slightly acidic, between 6.0-6.5.

Common problems with Common Camellia

How to harvest Common Camellia

Flowers can be cut whenever desired.

How to propagate Common Camellia


Air Layering - cut a branch partially through, dip in hormone (or cinnamon), bend the branch so cut area touches the soil, weigh it down to keep it in place, leave to root and cut away parent plant.


Seeds may be sown at a temperature of 70 to 75 degrees F and will germinate in one or two months.


Softwood cuttings: cut a 10cm long new shoot, remove half of the leaves on the shoot, dip the base in rooting hormone (or alternatively cinnamon powder) & plant in moist compost.

Special features of Common Camellia

Indoor plant

You are able to successfully​ grow Camellias in a container indoors.

Hedge plant

It can be grown as a beautiful hedge, prune into the shape and size you want. Camellias grow well in spring and summer but not much during autumn and winter.​ The best time to prune is in autumn or after flowering.

Pot plant

Camellias do nicely in pots. Ensure good drainage and a good potting soil mix.

Attractive flowers

Colours range from white to pink and red.

Other uses of Common Camellia

Ornamental, foliage, hedging, border, container. Spring interest.

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