Choose a country to see content specific to your location

Skip to main content
A picture of a Cyclamen


Cyclamen spp.

Also known as

Sowbread, Persian Violet, Alpine Violet

Berne Botanic garden Cyclamen repandum by Feloidea (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Cyclamen

A photo of Cyclamen
A photo of Cyclamen
A photo of Cyclamen
A photo of Cyclamen
A photo of Cyclamen

Cyclamen Overview

The genus Cyclamen comprises 24 species of tuberous perennials. Fully hardy species and cultivars make excellent rock garden plants in borders, or in raised beds. Originating from cool, humid environments, frost-tender Cyclamen can make great indoor plants (especially cultivars of Cyclamen persicum). They bring long-lasting colour to a well-lit room of filtered light, especially in the winter months. Even when they are not flowering, the heart-shaped foliage is very attractive and some species are also fragrant. Different species of Cyclamen have different cultivation preferences, including light needs, and they flower at different times of the year. For instance, Cyclamen hederifolium, which flowers in the autumn, likes shadier conditions than Cyclamen persicum - which flowers in winter/spring and can tolerate full sun.

Common problems with Cyclamen

Cyclamens are very sensitive to temperature. Be sure to keep them in the ideal temperature range. They also tend to be easily affected by fungal diseases. Be sure to keep the soil moist, but not constantly as root and tuber rot might occur.

How to harvest Cyclamen

Harvest seeds after flowering period (depending on species).

How to propagate Cyclamen


Seeds should be sown fresh, when ripe. Sow to a depth of 0.5 cm and space them 25 to 30 cm apart.


Divide offsets in the dormant period (summer), and plant the tuber just below the soil surface with the top of the tuber exposed.


You can propagate by seeds, stem or root cuttings in late summer or autumn.

Special features of Cyclamen

Pot plant

Great plant for any sized pot.

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Indoor plant

As this plant prefers cooler temperatures, be sure the temperature does not exceed 23ºC or decrease below 3ºC.

Other uses of Cyclamen

Grown for their pendant flowers, grow indoors or outdoors.

Winter Containers

Mix and match these winter performers for the coming season

Explore all

Spring Bulbs for Autumn Planting

Plant out these flowering bulbs in autumn to enjoy their performance next year.

Explore all


About usCareersPrivacy policy

Candide is your guide to visiting UK public gardens. Find the best gardens, buy tickets and enter with just your phone. Download the app for offline tickets, community access and more.

Terms & ConditionsCode of Conduct

© 2023 Candide

Made in Bristol