Choose a country to see content specific to your location

Skip to main content
A picture of a Clementine

Clementine

Citrus reticulata

Citrus reticulata April 2013 Nordbaden by 4028mdk09 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Tender

10b

USDA zone

2°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

3m

Max

5m

2m

Min

3m

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

A full-sized, ready to pick clementine fruit should be cut with a citrus scecateur or sharp knife. When plucking clementines, don’t pick those that feel hard. A ripe clementine emits sweet and tart orange odor, but often the whole peel is not orange yet!

More images of Clementine

A close up of a white Citrus reticulata flower and some green leaves
A close up of a green Citrus reticulata plant

Clementine Overview

Citrus reticulata is a fruiting tree species in the Rutaceae family, frequently called an Orange Tree, after the orange fruits. Citrus reticulata is commonly known as Mandarin or Clementine, amongst other names. The exterior is a deep orange colour with a smooth, glossy appearance. Clementines can be separated into 7-14 segments and they are easy to peel. They are almost always seedless when grown commercially (without cross-pollination), and therefore are sometimes known as a Seedless Tangerine. The Clementine is also occasionally referred to as the Moroccan Clementine. They are typically juicy and sweet, with less acid than oranges. The Mandarin is an evergreen tree from the Rutaceae family. It grows to an average height of 3m with a spread of up to 5m, although some older specimens can grow much larger in optimal conditions. Orange Trees produce oval leaves, which are alternately arranged, and are 4-10cm long and have crenulate margins.

Common problems with Clementine

Wash away ants, aphids and other insect pests with a forceful spray of water.

How to propagate Clementine

Seed

Sow seeds 1.2 cm deep and graft or bud other selections or cultivars on when stem is about 1-1.5cm

Special features of Clementine

Pot plant

Use a large pot!

Attractive flowers

Attractive fruits

Attracts useful insects

Other uses of Clementine

Edible

The fruits are edible and known as an easy-peeler

Essential Oil

The leaves, twigs and branches are used to extract the oil known as Petitgrain mandarin.