Choose a country to see content specific to your location

Skip to main content
A picture of a Argan Tree

Argan Tree

Argania spinosa

Also known as

Morroccan Ironwood

Argania spinosa by MPF (CC BY 2.5)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

The fruit takes over a year to mature, ripening in summer of the following year. It then falls when black & dry, pick up & process. Argan fruits can also be eaten by livestock without hampering oil production as the seeds are not digested & can be recovered in the dung.

More images of Argan Tree

Argania spinosa tree
Argania spinosa tree

Argan Tree Overview

The argan tree is a thorny tree with black gnarled trunks and dark green oval leaves which are rounded at the apex. This tree is known to live up to 200 years, and is an essential part of its environment in providing for both people and animals as well as preventing erosion and desertification. The oil extracted from the seeds of this tree has played and is still playing an ever-increasing role in the culinary, cosmetic and medicinal applications, not only traditionally in the local Berber society but also on a global level.

Common problems with Argan Tree

Infestation by the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata).

    How to propagate Argan Tree


    Sowing time - Spring/Summer; seeds can be slow and difficult to germinate. Due to the hard shell soaking prior to planting is essential.

    Special features of Argan Tree

    Drought resistant

    It is highly tolerant of drought, high heat, and poor soil conditions.

    Attracts useful insects

    Bees nest in these trees, that are thus a good source of honey.

    Repels harmful insects

    Argan wood is particularly resistant to insects.

    Other uses of Argan Tree

    Food. Cosmetics. Forestry. Medicine. Protection from desertification