Choose a country to see content specific to your location

Skip to main content

Umbeluzi Cycad

Encephalartos umbeluziensis

Also known as

Umbeluzi Broodboom, Broodboom (Afr.)

Full Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








Umbeluzi Cycad Overview

Encephalartos umbeluziensis is commonly known as the Umbeluzi Cycad. It is a dwarf species indigenous to north-eastern Swaziland. It forms a subterranean stem and glossy dark-green leaves. Female plants tend to produce a single green cone, 25-30cm in length. Cones may become dark orange when they break open. Seeds are yellow to light brown. This is a common feature plant.

Common problems with Umbeluzi Cycad

How to harvest Umbeluzi Cycad

Harvest seed when they are mature and start to loosen from the cone.

How to propagate Umbeluzi Cycad


Naked seeds grow on female plants and need pollen from male plants to be fertile. Sow fresh fertile seeds in sandy soil and keep warm and moist. Germination can take 1-3 months.


Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features of Umbeluzi Cycad

Pot plant

Indoor plant

Drought resistant

Attracts birds

Other uses of Umbeluzi Cycad



The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!


About usCareersPrivacy policy

Candide is your guide to visiting UK public gardens. Find the best gardens, buy tickets and enter with just your phone. Download the app for offline tickets, community access and more.

Terms & ConditionsCode of Conduct

© 2023 Candide

Made in Bristol