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A picture of a Potato


Solanum tuberosum

Also known as

Aartappel (Afr.), White potato, Irish potato

Solanum tuberosum flower by Reaperman (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Potato

A close up of a green Solanum tuberosum plant with white and yellow flowers in a garden
A green Solanum tuberosum plant in a garden with white flowers
A photo of Potato
A photo of Potato
A photo of Potato

Potato Overview

Solanum tuberosum is a perennial plant in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Commonly known as Potato after its starchy, underground storage organs which are consumed as vegetables worldwide. Potatoes are tuberous plants with edible underground storage organs. They are oval to round or irregularly shaped with smooth skin. The tubers are pale yellow, creamy whites, purples or pinks and suitable for cooking or crisping. When potatoes are exposed to sunlight the skin of the tuber turns green and produces a toxic substance, solanine. Potatoes are a staple food in many countries and the fourth largest crop grown following after maize, rice and wheat.

Common problems with Potato

Potato Companion Plants

Sweetcorn, eggplant, beans, peas, strawberries, peppers

How to harvest Potato

Hertha potatoes are ready to harvest in about 90-110 days from emergence to natural foliage die-back.

How to propagate Potato


Plant seed tubers in early spring to autumn, 7-10 cm apart and 15-20 cm apart. Add soil as the plants grow.


You can propagate by seeds in the spring.


Semi-ripe cuttings in the summer.

Special features of Potato

Crop rotation

Hertha potatoes are heavy feeders and need a lot of nutrients. Rotate crops yearly.

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Other uses of Potato



Hertha potato tubers are edible and can be boiled, baked, chipped and French-fried.


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