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A picture of a Banana


Musa acuminata

Also known as

Piesang (Afr.), Plantain

Musa acuminata kz1 by Kenraiz (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Bananas are picked throughout the year with the ​main production season from early to mid summer. The fruit can be harvested by cutting the stalk when the bananas are plump but green. For tree-ripened fruit, cut one hand at a time as it ripens.

More images of Banana

A bunch of green bananas hanging from a Musa acuminata tree
A close up of a Musa acuminata banana tree with green leaves and bananas
A photo of Banana
A photo of Banana

Banana Overview

Banana is really not a "tree" but a fast-growing herbaceous perennial arising from an underground rhizome. Musa acuminata produces red banana fruits. Most commercial bananas are classified as Cavendish​ bananas and are sweet with yellow skins. The Williams variety is tall growing and produces large cylindrical bunches of fruit. The uses range from culinary to medicinal applications, & can even be planted as ornamental in a tropical or sub-tropical garden. 'Lady little finger' is a variety often grown outside tropical areas with bunches of small fruit. Requires at least 8 - 10 hours of light.

Common problems with Banana

Root rot from cold wet soil. Nematodes, gophers, snails & earwigs.

How to propagate Banana


Propagated by suckers in the wild. Large suckers should be removed from vigorous clumps with a spade when at least three feet tall, during warm months and replanted same depth as it was growing next to motherplant.they will produce fruit in 3 years.


Sow seeds in Winter.



Special features of Banana

Crop rotation

Medium Feeder

Pot plant

Bananas make good container specimens if given careful attention. The plant will also need periodic re-potting as the old plant dies back and new plants develop.

Attracts birds

Attrects nectarivorous nectariniid birds.

Other uses of Banana

Culinary, fruit, food


One of the top consumed fresh fruits in the world!

Soft Fruit

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