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A picture of a Spinach


Spinacia oleracea

Also known as

English Spinach, French Spinach, Spinasie (Afr.)

Photo by CandideUK (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Spinach Overview

Spinacia oleracea is commonly known as Spinach, this plant has large edible leaves. It is rich in vitamins A, B, and C, iron, magnesium, manganese, and folate. It is an easy growing green vegetable that produces for a long time, making it an excellent addition to any vegetable garden.

Common problems with Spinach

Spinach Companion Plants

How to harvest Spinach

Spinach leaves can be harvested within 7-9 weeks of sowing when the plants have 5-6 leaves. Harvest leaves throughout the growing season until the flower stalks emerge.

How to propagate Spinach


Sow seeds directly in late spring to summer or indoors 3-4 weeks before the last frost, 6-8 mm deep and 15-25 cm apart. Germination takes 8-12 days.

Special features of Spinach

Crop rotation

Spinach is a heavy feeder and needs a supply of nutrients.

Other uses of Spinach



Although the iron content was believed to be very high (leading to the Popeye strong human assumption), it was a decimal fault corrected in 1930. It is also high in Calcium, vitamins and minerals.


Leaves and stems are edible and are great eaten fresh, steamed or sautéd.

Edibles to Sow Outdoors in July

Successional sowings of these quick growing and cropping plants will fill spaces and ensure a prolonged harvest.

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Edibles to Sow Under Cover in February.

Get an early start on the growing year, try these on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator

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