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A picture of a Primula


Primula spp.

Also known as

Primrose, Polyanthus

IMG 5511-Dodecatheon conjugens by C T Johansson (CC BY 3.0)

Partial Shade
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









    • spring
    • summer
    • autumn
    • winter

    More images of Primula

    A close up of some purple Primula flowers in the wild
    A close up of some Primula flowers
    A photo of Primula
    A close up of some purple Primula flowers
    A close up of some purple Primula flowers

    Primula Overview

    Primula is a genus with a wide distribution in many temperate and tropical regions of the world with a centre of diversity in the Himalayas. It is a large genus of around 350 species of herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials that are organised further into various sub-generic groups. Members are characterised by a basal rosette of simple leaves and salver-shaped flowers on stout, erect stems. Primroses and cowslips are familiar wildflowers in this genus. Many Primula species have been cultivated and hybridised for 100’s of years leading to a plethora of available garden varieties. Primulas add beautiful colour to the winter garden and are very easy to grow. They are perfect for growing in containers and hanging baskets, or planted in borders or under trees in shady spots.

    Common problems with Primula

    How to propagate Primula




    Root cuttings. Root cuttings can be taken when dormant in winter.

    Special features of Primula

    Attractive flowers

    Other uses of Primula

    There are primulas suitable for almost every type of site; border, screen garden, bog garden, pool margin, greenhouse and alpine house.

    Flowers - Sow Under Cover in May

    Sow these seeds for late summer colour and to get an early start on next year.

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    Winter Containers

    Mix and match these winter performers for the coming season

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