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A picture of a Rubber Plant

Rubber Plant

Ficus elastica

Also known as

India Rubber Fig, Snake Tree, Rubber Tree, Indian rubber plant, Assam rubber, Fig

Indian rubber tree (533092219) by Dinesh Valke (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








20 years to reach maturity


    • spring
    • summer
    • autumn
    • winter

    This plant has no fragrance

    More images of Rubber Plant

    A close up of a green Rubber Tree Ficus elasticaplant
    a close up of a green Rubber Tree Ficus elastica plant
    A photo of Rubber Plant

    Rubber Plant Overview

    This houseplant wants to be in bright, indirect sunlight. Too much sun may harm the leaves, too little and your plant won't grow much! Place it somewhere it receives a couple of hours of direct sun at most. Variegated cultivars with colourful leaves will enjoy more sun compared to green-leaved plants. Commonly known as a Rubber Tree, it produces oval, leathery, dark green leaves up to 20cm long, they have a brilliant red colouring as they're growing! Ficus elastica is a tender evergreen tree species from the Moraceae family. Rubber plants like a moist, freely draining potting mix, using sand or perlite to improve drainage. Check if it needs a drink regularly and water when the pot feels light. It does well with being a bit pot-bound, so keep this in mind when repotting. On mature trees grown in open conditions, this F. elastica can reach heights of over 30m. They can produce oblong, yellow fruits from small white flowers with yellow centres. More often it's grown as a houseplant, rarely flowering or fruiting in household conditions. The sap of Ficus plants can be a skin and eye irritant; all plant parts can also cause stomach upset if consumed.

    Common problems with Rubber Plant

    How to harvest Rubber Plant

    Generally not harvested.

    How to propagate Rubber Plant


    Propagate by air layering.


    Root semi-ripe cuttings or leaf-bud cuttings in spring or summer.


    Propagate by seed in spring.

    Special features of Rubber Plant

    Attractive leaves

    Indoor plant

    Pot plant

    Other uses of Rubber Plant

    Grown for their foliage and for shade.

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