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A picture of a Box


Buxus spp.

Also known as


Buxus sempervirens by MPF (CC BY 2.5)

Partial Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Box

A photo of Box
A photo of Box
A photo of Box
A photo of Box
A photo of Box

Box Overview

This genus of over 70 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees is found across Europe, Asia, Africa, and Central America, from woodland to rocky hill habitats. They have oppositely-arranged, simple leaves, which are rounded in shape and have a leathery texture. Clusters of small, pale yellow flowers form in Spring and are followed by pale green to brown fruits. They are grown mainly for their foliage - that can be variegated - and they are commonly used as hedging and for topiary due to their ability to withstand clipping. Dwarf varieties can be used for low hedges, edging, ground cover or in rock gardens. Growing in dry soil in full sun can lead to scorching and dull foliage. Toxic if ingested.

Common problems with Box

How to propagate Box


In winter.


Semi-ripe cuttings should be rooted in summer.

Special features of Box

Hedge plant

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Box

Grown for their foliage and habit and is excellent for edging, hedging and topiary work.

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