Choose a country to see content specific to your location

Skip to main content
A picture of a Common Staghorn Fern

Common Staghorn Fern

Platycerium bifurcatum

Also known as

Australian Elk's Horn Fern, Elkhorn Fern, Antelope Ears, Staghorn fern

Platycerium bifurcatum in Botanical garden, Minsk by Хомелка (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Partial Shade
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








20 years to reach maturity

More images of Common Staghorn Fern

A close up of a Platycerium bifurcatum staghorn fern plant
A photo of Common Staghorn Fern

Common Staghorn Fern Overview

Platycerium bifurcatum is an epiphytic fern with evergreen fronds that are either heart-shaped (if sterile) or branched (if fertile) and resemble a stag's horns. This species is known as a Common Staghorn Fern or Elkhorn Fern after these fronds. The plant has mostly fertile fronds, which are grey-green and arching, whilst the sterile fronds will turn brown as they age. Oddly shaped, these ferns grow on trees and rocks and are commonly cultivated in tropical gardens or as houseplants, where they are grown for their elegant foliage. They do not produce flowers, but reproduce via spores that are formed on the underside of the antler-like leaves.

Common problems with Common Staghorn Fern

Prone to the fungal disease black spot, do not water over the foliage and minimize humidity indoors to prevent the disfiguring spores.

How to harvest Common Staghorn Fern

Generally not harvested.

How to propagate Common Staghorn Fern



Separate/detach plantlets


You can propagate by detaching buds in the spring or summer and planting in compost.

Special features of Common Staghorn Fern

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Common Staghorn Fern


Houseplants – Top 20

Explore all


About usCareersPrivacy policy

Candide is your guide to visiting UK public gardens. Find the best gardens, buy tickets and enter with just your phone. Download the app for offline tickets, community access and more.

Terms & ConditionsCode of Conduct

© 2022 Candide

Made in Bristol