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A picture of a Camellia


Camellia spp.

Hong Kong Camellia by 小為 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Shade
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








5 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Camellia

A photo of Camellia
A photo of Camellia
A photo of Camellia
A photo of Camellia
A photo of Camellia

Camellia Overview

Camellia is a large genus of around 177 species of evergreen shrub and tree that grow between 1-20m tall. They are typically found in southeastern Asia, in mountainous regions from the Himalayas through to Japan and Indonesia. This genus has been extensively cultivated for its showy, rose-like flowers and foliage. Flowers are highly variable and exhibit a wide range of structures. They grow best in soil on the acidic side and these lovely plants may be grown in containers very effectively. Flowers can be sorted into flower types including single, semi-double, anemone-form, peony-form, rose-form, formal double and irregular double. Flowers can be scented and produced in single, paired or clustered arrangements. Generally, Camellia species are either winter or spring flowering and often they bloom when little else does, adding valuable bright colour to gardens.

Common problems with Camellia

How to propagate Camellia




Semi-ripe cuttings can be taken from late summer to mid autumn. Hardwood cuttings best taken between autumn to late winter, they typically take 3 months. Both methods are more likely to root if the bottom 1.5cm of bark is removed at the cutting base, rooting hormone can also be used to accelerate results.


Seed frequently doesn't come true to the parent plant. Seedlings can take 6-8 years to flower and the quality of plant is usually unpredictable.

Special features of Camellia

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Pot plant

Other uses of Camellia

Grown for their flowers and foliage. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Spring Flowering Shrubs

Growing these shrubs will give you a glorious spring display of flowers.

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Plants for Summer Cuttings

Some of the many plants which you can take semi-ripe cuttings from in summer.

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