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Leaf Curl

Taphrina deformans

Leaf Curl, Peach Leaf Curl

Taphrina deformans 1

by Giancarlo Dessì. CC BY-SA 3.0

A close up of a flower
Peach Leaf Curl is a fungal disease, causing abnormal growth in new spring leaves. The most commonly affected plants are peaches and nectarines, but almonds, apricots and other ornamental Prunus can catch the disease, too. The main symptoms are distorted growth with red blistering and white fungal spores on leaves. Ultimately, diseased leaves drop, resulting in sudden defoliation and loss in vigour. Taphrina deformans can dramatically reduce the amount of fruit that a tree can bear. It is often one of the most common diseases in domestic orchards.
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During the spring, reddish areas on developing leaves appear which then become thick and puckered which causes the leave to curl in on themselves and distort.

Growth factors

Wet weather.


Raised red areas on developing leaves
Leaves curing around thick puckered areas.
White fungal blooms on leaves
Leaves affected fall from the tree
Loss in vigour
Fruits affected less often

Biological treatment

Removal and destruction of infected material and treatment with a pyrethrin bio-fungicide.

Chemical treatment

Sulphur or copper-containing chemical fungicides (or the available equivalent.)


The fungus overwinters in the cracks in bark and around buds and is spread during the Spring onto new hosts by the wind and rain.


Plant resistant varieties. Removing dead material from around the base of the trees. Regular pruning to maintain vigour. Providing a rain sheet or shelter can provide effective protection for plants which climb and trail walls.

Affected plants


Prunus persica


Prunus dulcis


Prunus persica var. nucipersica


Prunus armeniaca

A close up of some pink Prunus flowers


Prunus spp.

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