Also known as
India Rubber Fig, India Rubber Plant, Snake Tree, India Rubber Tree, Assam Rubber, Caoutchouc, Rubber Tree
Indian rubber tree (533092219) by Dinesh Valke (CC BY-SA 2.0)
20 years to reach maturity
This plant has no fragrance
More images of Rubber Plant
Rubber Plant Overview
This houseplant wants to be in bright, indirect sunlight. Too much sun may harm the leaves, too little and your plant won't grow much! Place it somewhere it receives a couple of hours of direct sun at most. Variegated cultivars with colourful leaves will enjoy more sun compared to green-leaved plants. Commonly known as a Rubber Tree, it produces oval, leathery, dark green leaves up to 20cm long, they have a brilliant red colouring as they're growing! Ficus elastica is a tender evergreen tree species from the Moraceae family. Rubber plants like a moist, freely draining potting mix, using sand or perlite to improve drainage. Check if it needs a drink regularly and water when the pot feels light. It does well with being a bit pot-bound, so keep this in mind when repotting. On mature trees grown in open conditions, this F. elastica can reach heights of over 30m. They can produce oblong, yellow fruits from small white flowers with yellow centres. More often it's grown as a houseplant, rarely flowering or fruiting in household conditions. The sap of Ficus plants can be a skin and eye irritant; all plant parts can also cause stomach upset if consumed.
How to harvest Rubber Plant
Generally not harvested.
How to propagate Rubber Plant
Propagate by air layering.
Root semi-ripe cuttings or leaf-bud cuttings in spring or summer.
Propagate by seed in spring.
Special features of Rubber Plant
Other uses of Rubber Plant
Grown for their foliage and for shade.