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A picture of a Red Clover

Red Clover

Trifolium pratense

Also known as

Chilean Clover, Cowgrass Clover, Mammoth Red Clover, Medium Red Clover, Peavine Clover, Purple Clover

Photo by Kopite1980 (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Red Clover

A photo of Red Clover
A photo of Red Clover

Red Clover Overview

Trifolium pratense is known by the common names Red Clover or Purple Clover, amongst others. It is a herbaceous perennial from the Fabaceae family. Red Clover typically grows to between 30-50cm tall, producing leaves in arrangements of three, termed trifoliate. Flowers are pink-red in colour and produced in rounded clusters, these measure approximately 3cm across. This plant is grown as a forage crop, extensively for pasturage, green manure and hay. It's great for livestock and enriching soil by fixing nitrogen, frequently used in crop rotation. Originating from Europe, Western Asia and northwest Africa, Trifolium pratense is widely naturalised in many other locations, including Australia and both North and South America. Red Clover has many other uses, including extensive use in folk medicine. This species is part of the Royal Horticultural Society “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!

Common problems with Red Clover

Generally pest and disease free.

    How to harvest Red Clover

    Pick flowers as required and collect seed as soon as it is ripe.

    How to propagate Red Clover


    Sow in situ from March onwards, it should germinate within a few weeks.


    Division in spring.

    Special features of Red Clover

    Attracts bees

    Attractive flowers

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts butterflies

    Other uses of Red Clover

    Wildflower/meadow. Attracts bees. Fodder

    Plants for Short Grass Areas

    height 15cm

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    Green Manures

    Empty spaces after crops have been harvested? - Sow these 'green manures' to protect bare beds over winter.

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