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A picture of a Broccoli


Brassica oleracea var. italica (Italica Group)

Brassica oleracea var. italica 01 by Sanja565658 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Broccoli

A photo of Broccoli
A photo of Broccoli

Broccoli Overview

Brassica oleracea var. italica (Italica Group) is commonly known as broccoli. It is well known as being a healthy addition to the dinner table, being rich in nutritional value. It is a source of vitamin A, B and C, iron, fibre, calcium and zinc among others. Its one of the easiest crops to grow yourself! Usually green in colour and taking a tree-like shape, it is characterized by a flowering head on a thick stalk, both of which are edible. From the Latin "brachium" and Italian "Brocco", the name Broccoli means "arm" or "branch" and is a plant in the cabbage family and very well adapted to growing in cool climates.

Common problems with Broccoli

Broccoli Companion Plants

How to harvest Broccoli

It is essential to cut the flower heads off before they flower. Do this while the plant is still green. Cut the head off while still attached to the stem as well as the leaves. The plant will continue to produce side shoots, and when ready these to can be harvested in turn.

How to propagate Broccoli


Preferably sow seeds just below the surface, 1-2 cm deep. Plant separate seedlings more or less 45 cm from one another and the rows 90 cm from each other.

Special features of Broccoli

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Broccoli


Often eaten as a cooked vegetable or added to soups.

Edible to Sow Under Cover in May

Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.

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