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A picture of a Apple Tree

Apple Tree

Malus domestica

Also known as

Bramley Apple, Appel (Afr.), Bramley's Seedling, Bramley, Pear

Lob Korocha1 by Лобачев Владимир (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

An indication of an apple being ready to pick is that is has coloured. The fruit should have swelled up to a good size and crunch with touch. To pick an apple, cup it in your hand, lift gently and if it easily comes off, it is ripe.

More images of Apple Tree

A close up of an Malus domestica apple fruit hanging from a tree
A close up of white Malus domestica apple blossom flowers
A close up of white pink Malus domestica apple blossom flowers
White Malus domestica apple blossom flowers on a tree in a garden
A close up of an Malus domestica apple fruit hanging from a tree

Apple Tree Overview

Malus domestica is a hardy, deciduous woody perennial tree that grows in cold temperate zones. Also known by the common names Bramley apple or apple, this plant grows best where there is cold in winter, moderate summer temperatures, and medium to high humidity. It is moderately fast-growing, but growth slows with age. Apple trees can live for 100 years or more. Apple trees bloom in the spring, set fruit, and take from 100 to 200 days to reach harvest depending upon the variety. An apple a day is said to keep the doctor away!

Common problems with Apple Tree

How to propagate Apple Tree


Seed need cold stratification and will give rise to new characteristics, different than the parent, therefor seldom used. It will take about 7 years from pips to start harvest to evaluate new plant.


Grafts from a well-known cultivar are taken during the dormant stage and grafted onto a rootstock, often seedlings produce strong roots and can be used as rootstock too!



Special features of Apple Tree

Attracts useful insects

Blossoms need cross pollinating to set as fruit therefor the nectar attrack insects like bees.

Hedge plant

Apple trees can be tree-trained or espaliered into beautiful shapes to make a pretty hedge screen.

Crop rotation

Do not plant an apple tree where an old one was removed - rather plant vegetables or trees from other fruit families.

Other uses of Apple Tree

Their habit, flowers and edible fruits (pears). Suitable for coastal conditions.


Apples are delicious nutritious fruit!


Minerals and vitamins inside the fruit prevent diseases and grated apple is considered a wonderful treat for recovering during and or after illness.

Trees for Bees

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