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A picture of a Chickpea


Cicer arietinum

Also known as

Bengal Gram, Chick Pea, Garbanzo Bean, Gram, Eygptian pea

Photo by Berengena (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Chickpea Overview

Chickpeas are cool season annuals so in warmer sones they are planted in the winter. The ability to add nitrogen to the soil makes chickpea an excellent companion or rotation crop. Uses include culinary, fodder and traditional medicine.

Common problems with Chickpea

Chickpeas are susceptible to blight, mosaic, and anthracnose. For prevention plant disease-resistant varieties and keep the garden clean and free of debris. Do not handle plants when they are wet so as not to spread fungal spores. Avoid growing in the same location more than every three years will reduce soil-borne diseases.

    Chickpea Companion Plants

    Potatoes, Cucumbers, Corn, Strawberries, Celery, Summer Savory

    How to harvest Chickpea

    Chickpeas will be ready for harvest about 100 days after planting. Chickpeas for fresh eating can be picked when pods are still immature and green. Eat them like snap beans. For dried chickpeas, harvest the entire plant when the leaves have withered.

    How to propagate Chickpea


    Sow direct in cooler climates in spring or in autumn in warm climates. Space 7-13 cm apart and a sow 4-5 cm deep. Germination time is between 10-14 days. Do not soak seed before sowing and avoid heavy watering.

    Special features of Chickpea

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts insects like bees and butterflies

    Crop rotation

    Nitrogen fixing plant, building up soil condition before and after other vegetable crops.

    Other uses of Chickpea

    Culinary, beverages, fodder, traditional medicine


    Seeds are treasured by vegetarians adding valueable proteins to their diet.