Skip to main content
A picture of a Garlic


Allium sativum

Also known as

Cultivated Garlic, Garden Garlic

Photo by CandideUK (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

Garlic Overview

Allium sativum is more commonly known by the name Garlic. This species is an easy to grow member of the Amaryllidaceae family, producing a compact bulb of individual cloves which can be used for propagation. This plant needs minimal maintenance, keep the area where they are growing weed-free and well-watered. Garlic grows in a wide variety of soil conditions as long as it is well-drained, fertile and has a near-neutral pH. Plant out cloves in late summer to early autumn for the best results. Garlic grows in two ways, 'Hardneck' or 'Softneck'. Hardneck types produce an edible flower stem and cloves that do not store well but some produce pretty bulbs and cloves. Softneck types store for longer than Hardneck varieties and some produce 10-16 cloves per bulb.

Common problems with Garlic

Plant cloves deeply to prevent freezing which causes White Rot fungus. Rotate crops and clear the area after harvesting to prevent disease buildup. Pink root stunts the roots and turns them pink or red.

Garlic Companion Plants

Beetroot, brassicas, tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, eggplant

How to harvest Garlic

Garlic bulbs will be ready to harvest within 6 to 7 months when tops begin to yellow and fall over but harvest them before they dry out. Cure plants by hanging the bulbs in a cool dry place.

How to propagate Garlic


Sowing seeds in Summer and Autumn, 3-4 cm deep and 7-10 cm apart.

Special features of Garlic

Pot plant

Garlic can be grown in a pot as long as the container is deeper than 10 cm

Repels harmful insects

Works as an insect repellant

Crop rotation

Garlic is a light feeder, rotate crops annually to avoid a build up of disease in the soil.

Other uses of Garlic

Culinary, medicinal


Garlic cloves can be eaten raw or cooked and the flower neck of the Hardneck variety is edible and can be eaten in salads or stir-fries​.


About usCareersPrivacy policy

Candide is your guide to visiting UK public gardens. Find the best gardens, buy tickets and enter with just your phone. Download the app for offline tickets, community access and more.

Terms & ConditionsCode of Conduct

© 2023 Candide

Made in Bristol