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A picture of a New Zealand Flax

New Zealand Flax

Phormium spp.

Also known as

Flax Lily, Flax

Phormium cookianum 'Tricolor' by Cillas (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size





  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of New Zealand Flax

A photo of New Zealand Flax
A photo of New Zealand Flax
A photo of New Zealand Flax
A photo of New Zealand Flax
A photo of New Zealand Flax

New Zealand Flax Overview

A small genus of 2 species of evergreen perennials in the Asphodelaceae family of plants. They are native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island where they are usually found near swamps and in low-growing areas, but they are hardy plants that will grow just about anywhere. They are commonly known as New Zealand Flax as the fibrous leaves are traditionally used by the Māori to make textiles. They are also popular worldwide as ornamentals for their clumps of tough, sword-shaped leaves, often bred or hybridised to offer a variety of colours and stripes, and for their tall, erect architectural flower spikes.

Common problems with New Zealand Flax

How to propagate New Zealand Flax


You can propagate from seed.


Division in spring.

Other uses of New Zealand Flax

Grown for their bold, sword-shaped leaves. Suitable for coastal conditions.


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