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A picture of a Primrose


Primula spp.

Also known as

Primula, Polyanthus

IMG 5511-Dodecatheon conjugens by C T Johansson (CC BY 3.0)

Partial Shade
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









    • spring
    • summer
    • autumn
    • winter

    More images of Primrose

    A close up of some purple Primula flowers in the wild
    A close up of some Primula flowers
    A photo of Primrose
    A close up of some purple Primula flowers
    A close up of some purple Primula flowers

    Primrose Overview

    Primula is a genus with a wide distribution in many temperate and tropical regions of the world with a centre of diversity in the Himalayas. It is a large genus of around 350 species of herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennials that are organised further into various sub-generic groups. Members are characterised by a basal rosette of simple leaves and salver-shaped flowers on stout, erect stems. Primroses and cowslips are familiar wildflowers in this genus. Many Primula species have been cultivated and hybridised for 100’s of years leading to a plethora of available garden varieties.

    Common problems with Primrose

    How to propagate Primrose




    Root cuttings. Root cuttings can be taken when dormant in winter.

    Special features of Primrose

    Attractive flowers

    Other uses of Primrose

    There are primulas suitable for almost every type of site; border, screen garden, bog garden, pool margin, greenhouse and alpine house.

    Plants for Rock Gardens

    Find plants that can be grown in rock gardens.

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    Flowers - Sow Under Cover in May

    Sow these seeds for late summer colour and to get an early start on next year.

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