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A picture of a Bellflower


Campanula spp.

Also known as

Bluebell, Harebell

Campanula persicifolia Tehumardi Saaremaa by Wilson44691 (CC0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Bellflower

A photo of Bellflower
A photo of Bellflower
A photo of Bellflower
A photo of Bellflower
A photo of Bellflower

Bellflower Overview

Campanula is a genus also known by the name Bellflower, because of its bell-shaped (sometimes tube- or star-shaped) flowers. Many species have become popular garden plants because they are easy to grow in a wide range of locations. While they prefer a sunny site, some Bellflowers are happy in partial shade. Most like the soil to be moist and they should never be allowed to dry out when in flower. Often blue, Campanulas can also be pink, purple or white. They can be spreading, clump-forming, trailing or upright in form, their leaves being oval or lance-shaped. Some are evergreen. There are over 400 annual, biennial and perennial species of Campanula which range greatly in size and preferred habitat, and are distributed across temperate and subtropical environments in the Northern Hemisphere. Scotland and Ireland term this genus Bluebell. However, it is not related to the true bluebell, Hyacinthoides non-scripta.

Common problems with Bellflower

Bellflower Companion Plants

How to harvest Bellflower

Deadheading the plants regularly will encourage more blooms to develop. Keep the seed heads in paper bags until ready to sow.

How to propagate Bellflower


Basal cuttings in spring.


Division best done in spring or autumn.


Sow seed directly into the garden in late spring or early summer with only a thin layer of soil covering them. Keep moist, and thin out or replant once the seedlings become large enough.

Special features of Bellflower

Attractive flowers

Ground cover

Species with spreading, mat-forming growth habits form an attractive, dense carpet covering.

Attracts useful insects

Good plants for attracting bees and other pollinating insect wildlife into your garden.

Other uses of Bellflower

Rock garden. borders. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Cut flower

The long-lasting flowers of some species are used as cut flowers in the floristry industry.

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