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A picture of a Alexanders


Smyrnium spp.

Smyrnium-perfoliatum-habit by Sten Porse (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size





  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Alexanders

A close up of some Smyrnium flowers
A close up of some Smyrnium flowers in the wild
A close up of a green Smyrnium plant in a garden
Some Smyrnium next to a road
A close up of some yellow Smyrnium flowers

Alexanders Overview

Smyrnium is a genus of mostly biennial herbaceous plants in the carrot family, Apiaceae. Members of this genus display characteristic umbels of tiny green, yellow or white flowers. They are known commonly as Alexanders, are native to the Mediterranean region and are commonly seen in the hedgerows of Europe. In cultivation, they are used in naturalistic planting schemes in borders or sunny woodland glades.

How to propagate Alexanders


Seed sown outdoors in autumn or spring.

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Native spring flowering plants that provide the best habitat, shelter and food for pollinators.

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