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What to Do in the Garden in May

Published on May 1st 2020

Geranium flowers

by Alexander62. 894848510

A close up of a purple hardy geranium flower
May is THE big month for planting and sowing. Tender bedding plants, Dahlias, Begonias, pond plants all get the green light for planting out this month.
In this story, I'll tell you what seeds need sowing, what plants need pruning with a few extra tips on how to keep on top of those weeds.
Have a great time in the garden this month, and don't forget to give yourself a day off on Sunday, May 9th, to celebrate Garden Day, and stay tuned throughout the month for flower-filled frivolities during Candide Festival of Flowers! You can find out more about what's going on in May below:
A group of people in a forest

The Garden Day Guide: Join in the Celebrations with Candide


A close up of a flower

Candide's Festival of Flowers: What's On?


Get Garden Day ready with our hand-selected collection of plants, furniture and garden accessories:

May Container Garden

Planting up a hanging basket
  • Harden-off annual bedding plants ready to plant out soon. Put them in a shady spot, keep well watered but bring them back inside if frost is likely. Keep a close eye on them, and they will be toughened up ready to plant after about a week.
Bedding plants for summer garden colour
  • Be ready to cover tender plants with horticultural fleece if frosts are forecast. Check the forecast every day this month.
  • Stake border perennial varieties that are tall growing and those that tend to flop over. Either use pea sticks -prunings from trees and shrubs are good- or purpose-made support systems.
  • Cut Aubrieta and Alyssum back hard when it has finished flowering and give it a feed. They will produce new growth soon and remain more compact if this is done every year.

Trees, shrubs, roses, and hardy plant care in May

  • Ensure all recently planted trees, shrubs and climbers are watered thoroughly and often.
  • Prune early flowering shrubs back now so that they have time to create new growth and flower buds for next year. Large Forsythia can be cut back hard; flowering currants trimmed a little and Camellias trimmed to reshape them. Spiraea arguta, Chaenomeles, Winter Jasmine, Kerria, Choisya and Viburnum tinus will benefit from careful pruning and still have plenty of time to set flower buds for next year. Try to avoid the bun shape that looks neat but unnatural.
  • Large, over-grown early flowering clematis such as Clematis Montana, Alpina, macropetala and winter flowering species can be pruned surprisingly hard now. They rapidly bounce back!
A pink Clematis plant
  • Watch out for Viburnum beetle and spray with an insecticide as soon as seen. Try to find a spray that is harmless to natural predators and bees.

Soils, mulching and weed control

  • Hoe off weeds regularly, especially during dry spells. A Dutch hoe is perfect for this.
  • Control weeds on paths and drives with Weedol Pathclear or another contact and residual action weedkiller. If applied now, you should have weed control until autumn. Avoid seepage onto surrounding plants and borders.
  • Bindweed shoots are beginning to emerge from the soil. You can find more information on how to deal with Bindweed here:


  • Treat lawn weeds with a good lawn weed killer such as Weedol Lawn Weedkiller. May is the best time to do it because fast-growing weeds are easier to kill. However, do not put the cut grass on your compost heap until the fourth cut after applying weed killer. By this time, the weedkiller residue will have gone.
  • Mow lawns at least once a week. A little and often gets the best looking lawn!

The indoor garden in May

  • Some houseplants like Cymbidium orchids, stick yucca, Aralia, Aspidistra, ivies, ferns and begonias can be moved outside this month for the summer months. Put them in a shady spot until they get used to the brighter light outside and make sure they get watered regularly. There could still be frost this month so be ready to cover them or move them back inside.
  • Just like us, lemon and orange plants love being outside in the summer months! Once acclimatised, they will relish the sunshine and often put on new growth!
A lemon tree outside of a conservatory

Ponds and bog plants

  • If you already have a water lily and it's grown too big, you can divide it now.
  • Keep the water clean by regularly cleaning water filters. If the water goes green, it's called a bloom. Put a little barley straw into a net and submerge it in the water. This should restore the balance and clean the water.
  • Oxygenating plants keep the water clean so plant more. Avoid those that are invasive and those that are banned. More info here.

Have an amazing time in the garden this month!

Find out the latest on Garden Day and Candide Festival of Flowers on social media or read the article below:

Get your garden ready this month, and discover what you can plant this month in our May Growing Guide:

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