Skip to main content
A picture of a Fennel


Foeniculum vulgare

Also known as

Common Fennel, Fenkell, Finckle, Finkel, Sabbath Day Posy, Aniseed-Weed, Sweet Fennel, Finocchio, Florence fennel, Purple-leaf fennel

Photo by CandideUK (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








5 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Fennel

A photo of Fennel
A photo of Fennel

Fennel Overview

Foeniculum vulgare is known as Fennel, it can be grown as an ornamental or as a culinary herb. With its finely divided foliage and attractive yellow flowers, it encourages all kinds of wildlife to a garden from pollinators such as bees and butterflies to birds that eat the seed. Fennel has a strong aniseed flavour that is used in a variety of food products including soups and pesto and the seeds can be used in curries.

How to harvest Fennel

Bulbs can be harvested 20 days after earthing up. Cut the bulb at the base to encourage regrowth.

How to propagate Fennel


Sow in early spring in situ for best results. Seeds require a light covering of soil and to be spaced around 30 cm apart.


Divide in March as the new growth emerges.

Special features of Fennel

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attracts useful insects

Repels harmful insects

Repels aphids

Other uses of Fennel

It has a fragrance and it can be used for foliage or for ornamental used but it is also used as a vegetable. Suitable for coastal conditions. Attracts butterflies


The seeds are used as a spice whereas the shoots and bulbs are used as a vegetable.

Herbs - Top 20

Our choice of the best herbs to grow near the kitchen and have on hand for everyday use.

Explore all

Pollinator Friendly Plants for Summer

Native summer flowering plants that provide the best habitat, shelter and food for pollinators.

Explore all


About usCareersPrivacy policy

Candide is your guide to visiting UK public gardens. Find the best gardens, buy tickets and enter with just your phone. Download the app for offline tickets, community access and more.

Terms & ConditionsCode of Conduct

© 2022 Candide

Made in Bristol