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A picture of a Mediterranean Spurge

Mediterranean Spurge

Euphorbia characias ssp. wulfenii

Also known as


Euphorbia characias wulfenii.01 by Meneerke bloem (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Mediterranean Spurge

A Euphorbia characias subsp. Wulfenii plant with green foliage
A close up of some Euphorbia characias subsp. Wulfenii leaves

Mediterranean Spurge Overview

Euphorbia characias subsp. Wulfenii is a handsome, fast growing, evergreen sub-shrub. Also known by the name Mediterranean spurge and just spurge, it produces thin, oblong-shaped blue-green foliage and dramatic yellow-green flowers in springtime. It has an erect growth habit and doesn't typically branch much, forming tall spires of foliage, topped with bright flowers. Flowers are produced in clusters on rounded, upright flowerheads. The Edwardian garden designer Gertrude Jekyll described this sun-loving, evergreen shrub as 'one of the grandest of plants'. This species is part of the Royal Horticultural Society “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!

Common problems with Mediterranean Spurge

Generally disease free.

How to harvest Mediterranean Spurge

Generally not harvested.

How to propagate Mediterranean Spurge



In early spring.


Take basal cuttings in spring or early summer; dip cut surfaces in charcoal or lukewarm water to prevent sap bleeding.

Special features of Mediterranean Spurge

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Ground cover

Other uses of Mediterranean Spurge

This low maintenance plant gives architectural structure to Mediterranean or gravel gardens. But can also be used as ground cover.

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Traditionally flowering in April, these flowers will be at their best this month.

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