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A picture of a Cabbage Palm

Cabbage Palm

Cordyline australis

Also known as

Cabbage Tree, New Zealand Cabbage Palm, New Zealand Dragon Plant, Palm Lily, Torbay Palm, Fountain-Dracaena, Giant-Dracaena, Grass-Palm

Cabbage tree Cordyline australis by Sandy Austin (CC BY 2.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








25 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Cabbage Palm

A photo of Cabbage Palm
A photo of Cabbage Palm
A photo of Cabbage Palm
A photo of Cabbage Palm
A photo of Cabbage Palm

Cabbage Palm Overview

Cordyline australis is a usually single-stemmed, architectural, evergreen tree with several stout branches arising from the crown, as it matures. Its tufted form is produced from long, leathery, sword-shaped foliage and in summer, it produces large hanging panicles of small, fragrant, cream flowers. Many cultivars with varying characteristics and different coloured leaves are widely available. Originating from New Zealand, Cordyline australis is also known by the names Cabbage Palm or Cabbage Tree, amongst others. It is very popular as a garden plant due to its eye-catching architectural palm-like qualities - especially in temperate climates! It is also low maintenance and drought resistant. It is increasingly seen - particularly near the coast - in southern parts of the UK, and has earned an RHS Garden of Merit Award. It is becoming increasingly popular in city and urban gardens, as well as tropical and Mediterranean planting schemes. Cordyline australis likes a sheltered spot in full sun or partial shade and is tolerant of most soils, as long as it is well-drained. So if you like the idea of a tropical-looking plant in your garden and can give it the treatment it needs to thrive, this may well be the plant you are looking for!

Common problems with Cabbage Palm

How to propagate Cabbage Palm


Remove and plant well rooted suckers in spring.



Special features of Cabbage Palm

Attractive leaves

Attracts birds

Hedge plant

Other uses of Cabbage Palm

Hedging with bold leaves. Summer interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Coastal Locations - Top 20 Plants

Hardy and delightful, these plants will cope with the salt laden winds a coastal garden experiences.

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Hardy Tropical Plants - Top 20

Are you looking for tropical vibes? These stunning foliage plants will survive a UK winter.

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