European Fan Palm
Also known as
Dwarf Fan Palm, African Hair Palm, Mediterranean Fan-Fern, Fan palm, European fan palm, Palm
Chamaerops humilis (Zingaro)015 by tato grasso (CC BY-SA 2.5)
20 years to reach maturity
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European Fan Palm Overview
Chamaerops humilis is an evergreen perennial palm species from the Arecaceae family and is the only plant in this genus ('monotypic'). This attractive palm is known by multiple names, including the European Fan Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm and Mediterranean Dwarf Palm. It grows no higher than 2.5m, and spreads through underground rhizomes. It may be classified as a tree or shrub, depending on the size it grows to, and whether it has more than one stem. It has large, rounded leaves which are deeply cut into linear segments, that measure approximately 45cm long. Small, brown-yellow, flowers are borne in panicles high up near the leaves, followed by small, date-like fruits. These are produced densely on short spikes amongst the leaf bases. Hardy down to -10C, it may be grown successfully in temperate conditions and gives an exotic, Mediterranean feel to coastal and urban gardens alike. It can be grown in a large pot (useful if you need to bring it indoors over winter) and is a popular conservatory or house plant where it needs well-draining, loam-based compost and bright, indirect light. Water moderately and feed with a balanced fertiliser once a month. Water less in winter. Outdoors, it needs free-draining soil (on the acid side of neutral) and a sheltered position in part-shade. Chamaerops humilis has earned a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit.
Common problems with European Fan Palm
How to propagate European Fan Palm
From seed, which germinates readily.
Special features of European Fan Palm
Other uses of European Fan Palm
Specimen producing bold leaves. Indoor plant. Suitable for coastal conditions.