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A picture of a Fir


Abies spp.

Also known as

Silver fir

Abies alba foliage by Pastilletes on Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Fir

A photo of Fir
A photo of Fir
A photo of Fir
A photo of Fir
A photo of Fir

Fir Overview

This genus contains almost 60 species of large evergreen coniferous trees known as Firs. At maturity, they can grow to heights of 80m and widths of 4m straight across the trunk. Their gendered cones resemble those of cedars, standing upright on branches and falling apart upon maturity to spread their seed contents. Branches bear linear, flattened, sometimes glossy, green, needle-like leaves. Opal Allergy Rating 2 - While all true Firs will produce pollen, it has a waxy coating and rarely causes allergy.

Common problems with Fir

How to propagate Fir


Abies seed can be sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true).


Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Other uses of Fir

Specimen trees, windbreaks and timber.

Coniferous Trees

Looking for a Conifer type tree? browse our collection for inspiration.

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OPALS - Ogren Plant Allergy Scale

Plants with a very low potential to cause allergic reactions (1 to 3 rating)

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