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A picture of a Beefwood


Casuarina cunninghamiana

Also known as

Cunningham's Beefwood, Creek-Oak, Fire-Oak, River She-Oak, River-Oak, She oak, River oak, River she oak

Casuarina cunninghamiana growing next to the Wollundry Lagoon (3) by Bidgee (CC BY-SA 2.5 au)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Beefwood

Casuarina cunninghamiana fruit
Casuarina cunninghamiana fruit
Casuarina cunninghamiana bark

Beefwood Overview

Beefwoods are widely used effectively as a screening plant in windy sites and is also suited to coastal areas, used for wind breaks or dune stabilization. It has been introduced into several countries for the purpose of agroforestry and is used in the South African fruit industry as a wind break surrounding orchards. It produces a chemical limiting any growth underneath. The needles can thus be used as mulch in areas where weeds need to be suppressed!

Common problems with Beefwood

Generally problem free

    How to harvest Beefwood

    Generally not harvested

    How to propagate Beefwood


    Sow seeds from late winter to early summer in a greenhouse. Cover the seeds lightly, prick out when large enough to handle, keep in pots for the first year, then plant out in final position.

    Special features of Beefwood

    Hedge plant

    Makes a good screening plant and can be cut to a tall hedge or left as windbreak.

    Other uses of Beefwood

    Hardiness and tolerance of tough conditions.

    Windbreak, dune stabiliser, plant suppressor