Skip to main content
A picture of a Primrose


Primula vulgaris

Also known as

Culver Keys, English Primrose

Primula vulgaris white to bright yellow by Mkronsteiner (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Primrose

A photo of Primrose
A photo of Primrose
A photo of Primrose
A photo of Primrose
A photo of Primrose

Primrose Overview

There are about 500 species of rosette-forming, herbaceous perennials in the genus Primula, of which more than half originate from the Himalayas. They are valued for their ornamental flowers and have been cultivated and hybridised for centuries. This species, Primula vulgaris is commonly known as Primrose, it resides in the Primulaceae family and produces tongue-shaped leaves. This species has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit. It is commonly seen in gardens for the attractive light yellow, sometimes white spring flowers. They are scented and measure between 2.5-3.5cm in diameter.

Common problems with Primrose

How to harvest Primrose

Flowers of the taller species can be cut for the vase. If flowers are left on the plants seeds can be harvested to be sown.

How to propagate Primrose


Divide rosettes after flowering


Surface-sow seeds, they need light to germinate


Root basal cuttings in autumn or spring, take root cuttings while dormant in winter

Special features of Primrose

Indoor plant

Place in bright light but not direct sun

Pot plant

Watering is important, keep the soil moist

Attractive flowers

Attracts butterflies

Attracts useful insects

Attracts bees

Other uses of Primrose

Border, edging, mixed bed, fragrance, under shrubs, rock-gardens.

Winter Colour Plants – Top 20

Bring colour into winter by adding these plants into your gardening space.

Explore all

Spring Flowering Perennials for Pollinators

These spring flowering perennials are perfect for attracting pollinating insects.

Explore all


About usCareersPrivacy policy

Candide is your guide to visiting UK public gardens. Find the best gardens, buy tickets and enter with just your phone. Download the app for offline tickets, community access and more.

Terms & ConditionsCode of Conduct

© 2023 Candide

Made in Bristol