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A picture of a Meadow Cranesbill

Meadow Cranesbill

Geranium pratense

Also known as

Meadow Geranium

Photo by Darren2503 (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Meadow Cranesbill Overview

Geranium pratense is an upright, clump-forming perennial that is native to Northern European countries, across to the Himalayas. It has hairy stems and deeply-lobed foliage. The blue-purple-violet - sometimes white - flowers have 5 petals and are around 4cm across. They appear in early to mid-summer. In the wild, Geranium pratense - also known as Meadow Cranesbill and Meadow Geranium - can be seen growing in meadows and verges, and it is the parent of many garden varieties of hardy Geraniums. Ideally, it likes moist, well-drained soil and a sunny position, but shade is tolerated well. It is a hardy, low-maintenance plant and is part of the RHS “Plants for Pollinators” initiative that showcases plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/or pollen. A great choice for encouraging wildlife into your garden! Very much a 'cottage garden plant' it is also suitable for underplanting shrubs and roses, and it is used for ground cover in mixed borders and other settings. Geranium pratense freely self-seeds, producing varying offspring, and there are many different cultivated varieties available. (Geranium comes from the Greek noun 'geranos' meaning 'crane', which is a reference to the beak-like seed capsule.)

Common problems with Meadow Cranesbill

How to propagate Meadow Cranesbill


Spring or Autumn.


Basal cuttings in spring. Bottom heat helps rooting.


Can be grown from seed in spring in pots.

Special features of Meadow Cranesbill

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Attracts useful insects

Ground cover

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Meadow Cranesbill


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