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A picture of a Dame's Rocket

Dame's Rocket

Hesperis matronalis

Also known as

Sweet Rocket, Wild Phlox, Dame's Violet, Close Sciences, Damask, Damask Violet, Dame's Wort, Double Rocket, Garden Rocket, Night Rocket, Night-Scented Violet, Night Violet, Queen's Gilliflower, Rocket, Summer Lilac, White Rocket, Winter Gilliflower, Mother-Of-The-Evening

Photo by CandideUK (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

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A photo of Dame's Rocket
A photo of Dame's Rocket
A photo of Dame's Rocket

Dame's Rocket Overview

The genus name, Hesperis, is Greek for evening, and it is believed that the name was probably chosen because the scent of the flowers becomes more conspicuous later in the evening. Its prolific growth has caused it to be considered a weed in many locations where it has naturalised, but it is still a common sight in gardens across the globe.

Common problems with Dame's Rocket

Prone to caterpillars, flea beetles, slugs and snails. May be affected by powdery mildews.

How to harvest Dame's Rocket

Allow seedheads to dry on plants then remove and collect seeds.

How to propagate Dame's Rocket


Seeds can be scattered in moist, fertile soil in late spring, then re-sown every 2-3 years.

Special features of Dame's Rocket

Attracts useful insects

Attracts bees and butterflies.

Other uses of Dame's Rocket

Cutting bed, naturaliser, wildflower/meadow.