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A picture of a Arum Lily

Arum Lily

Zantedeschia aethiopica

Also known as

Calla Lily, African Lily, Altar Lily, Egyptian Lily, Lily Of The Nile, Richardia, Trumpet Lily, White Arum Lily, Common Calla, Lily-Of-The-Nile, Pig-Lily, White or Common Arum Lily, White arum lily, Lily-of-the-Nile, Pig Lily, Arum Lily

Funchal - Zantedeschia aethiopica IMG 1904 by Hedwig Storch (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Frequent watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








5 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Arum Lily

Two white Zantedeschia aethiopica flowers and some green leaves in a pot
A white Zantedeschia aethiopica flower with green leaves

Some Zantedeschia aethiopica plants in a garden with green leaves
A photo of Arum Lily
A photo of Arum Lily

Arum Lily Overview

Zantedeschia aethiopica is also known by the names Arum Lily and Calla Lily, amongst others. It is a semi-evergreen perennial from the Araceae family. Arum Lilies are a common garden plant that is believed to be a symbol of purity. The striking flower is creamy-white in colour, cup-shaped with tiny yellow flowers on the spadix that rises like a column out of the cup. It prefers moist to wet soil conditions, grow in full sun or partial shade. Traditionally used as a medicine to treat headaches when boiled. If eaten raw, it can cause swelling of the throat.

Common problems with Arum Lily

Generally considered to be disease-free. Aphids will target the flowers.

Arum Lily Companion Plants


How to harvest Arum Lily

The fruit is ripe when yellow/orange and soft (for propagation).

How to propagate Arum Lily


Remove seeds with gloves when fruits have ripened. Dry seeds before sowing. Sowing time- Spring; Spacing- 500mm; Sowing depth- 5cm deep


Divide fleshy parts of rootstock during dormancy. (late Winter of early Spring) Plant during spring to a depth of 5 cm. Allow ample space between plantings.

Special features of Arum Lily

Attracts birds

Birds are attracted by the ripened berries. Birds are responsible for dispersing the seeds.

Attracts useful insects


Attractive leaves

Attractive flowers

Wet sites

Other uses of Arum Lily

Decorative garden plant and cut flower.


Some traditional uses.


Marginal Plants

Plants that prefer to grow at the margins of ponds, lakes and waterway.

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