Also known as
Giant Protea, Protea
Photo by CandideUK (All rights reserved)
7 years to reach maturity
This plant has no fragrance
More images of King Protea
King Protea Overview
Protea cynaroides is the national flower of South Africa. It is an evergreen perennial in the Proteaceae family with a sparsely branching habit. Rather a leggy shrub that can be added to garden beds in non-frost-prone climates. It has many forms and varieties and is an adaptable plant under cultivation. Foliage is oval in shape and leathery in texture. It is grown worldwide for the cut flower industry, makes a striking addition to a large garden and is commonly known by the names King Protea and Cape Artichoke Flower, amongst others. It produces beautiful, big, showy blooms in both soft and vibrant shades of pink and creamy-white. The terminal flowerhead is comprised of dense clusters of tiny 4-petalled and bowl-shaped flowers. The flowerhead measures between 15-30cm in diameter. Flowers are surrounded by showy modified leaf structures, which resemble petals, these are termed bracts.
How to harvest King Protea
Pick flowers as they benefit from a light prune or allow seedheads to dry on plants to remove and collect seeds.
How to propagate King Protea
Cuttings are made from semi-hardwood, 6-10cm long, of the current season's growth. To accelerate rooting, cuttings could be dipped in a rooting hormone solution and placed in a warm moist growing environment.
Best sowing time is in autumn, plant at a depth of between 1cm and 1.5 times the depth of the hard seed. Germination time is 3-4 weeks. Smoke treatment can help germination.
By grafting or budding.
Special features of King Protea
Attracts nectar-loving birds like sunbirds.
Attracts useful insects
Attracts Scarab Beetles and Protea Beetles.
Other uses of King Protea
Grown for their colourful bracted flower heads.
Vigorous plants produce six to ten flower heads in a season.
Pink Flowering Summer Plants
Love pink flowers and looking for summer inspiration.