Skip to main content
A picture of a Bergamot


Monarda didyma

Also known as

Bee Balm, Oswego Tea, Bee Balm Tea Plant, Fragrant Balm, Hare Mint, Indian Feathers, Indian Plume, Lad's Love, Low Balm, Mountain Mint, Robin-Run-Around, Rose Balm, Sweet Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Bee balm

Photo by AllaM (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Bergamot

A photo of Bergamot
A photo of Bergamot

Bergamot Overview

Monarda didyma is commonly known by the names Bergamot and Bee Balm, amongst many others. It is a herbaceous perennial plant from the Lamiaceae family. Bergamot is an easy to grow and fast-spreading plant that can be grown as an ornamental due to its bright showy flowers or harvested for their edible leaves and flowers. This plant is fragrant and the scent is reminiscent of mint. They also attract birds, bees and butterflies and will make a lovely addition to any garden.

Common problems with Bergamot

Bergamot Companion Plants


How to harvest Bergamot

Leaves can be picked throughout the spring and summer, and the flowers once they have opened.

How to propagate Bergamot


Sow seeds indoors mid to late spring, 5-8 mm deep. Germination takes 10-40 days. Transplant seedlings in early summer. Seeds can also be sown in situ.


Divide clumps every 3-4 years in spring or autumn either in pots or in situ.


Cuttings of soft basal shoots in spring. Harvest shoots with underground stem when 8-10cm above ground. Plant in individual containers in light shade til they root. Plant out in summer.

Special features of Bergamot

Attracts useful insects

Attracts bees and butterflies.

Crop rotation

Bergamot is a medium feeder and should be fertilised every spring.

Attracts birds

The flowers attract sugarbirds.

Pot plant

Can be grown in a container in a mixture of perlite, peat moss, dry compost, vermiculite and some compost in a sunny location.

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Bergamot



Deer Resistant Plants

Although never fully deer proof - they are less likely to eat these.

Explore all


About usCareersPrivacy policy

Candide is your guide to visiting UK public gardens. Find the best gardens, buy tickets and enter with just your phone. Download the app for offline tickets, community access and more.

Terms & ConditionsCode of Conduct

© 2023 Candide

Made in Bristol