Also known as
Bee Balm, Oswego Tea, Bee Balm Tea Plant, Fragrant Balm, Hare Mint, Indian Feathers, Indian Plume, Lad's Love, Low Balm, Mountain Mint, Robin-Run-Around, Rose Balm, Sweet Bergamot, Scarlet Beebalm, Bee balm
Photo by AllaM (All rights reserved)
This plant has a mild fragrance
More images of Bergamot
Monarda didyma is commonly known by the names Bergamot and Bee Balm, amongst many others. It is a herbaceous perennial plant from the Lamiaceae family. Bergamot is an easy to grow and fast-spreading plant that can be grown as an ornamental due to its bright showy flowers or harvested for their edible leaves and flowers. This plant is fragrant and the scent is reminiscent of mint. They also attract birds, bees and butterflies and will make a lovely addition to any garden.
Bergamot Companion Plants
How to harvest Bergamot
Leaves can be picked throughout the spring and summer, and the flowers once they have opened.
How to propagate Bergamot
Sow seeds indoors mid to late spring, 5-8 mm deep. Germination takes 10-40 days. Transplant seedlings in early summer. Seeds can also be sown in situ.
Divide clumps every 3-4 years in spring or autumn either in pots or in situ.
Cuttings of soft basal shoots in spring. Harvest shoots with underground stem when 8-10cm above ground. Plant in individual containers in light shade til they root. Plant out in summer.
Special features of Bergamot
Attracts useful insects
Attracts bees and butterflies.
Bergamot is a medium feeder and should be fertilised every spring.
The flowers attract sugarbirds.
Can be grown in a container in a mixture of perlite, peat moss, dry compost, vermiculite and some compost in a sunny location.
Other uses of Bergamot
Deer Resistant Plants
Although never fully deer proof - they are less likely to eat these.Explore all