Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce
Also known as
This plant has a mild fragrance
Sweet Fennel Overview
Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce is commonly known as Sweet Fennel or Florence Fennel. This flowering plant resides in the Apiaceae family, it produces a delicately flavoured bulb, which is widely grown and consumed as a vegetable, called Fennel. It is grown ornamentally for the edible foliage and swollen leaf bases (bulbs), all parts of the plant are fragrant and can be used in cooking.
Common problems with Sweet Fennel
Fennel may be attacked by the parsley caterpillar which can be removed by hand. Generally, fennel has no other serious pest problems.
Sweet Fennel Companion Plants
How to harvest Sweet Fennel
Blanch the fennels bulbs by covering the plant base with soil. The bulbs will begin to thicken towards the end of the summer. Harvest the bulbs in autumn when they are about 10 cm in diameter. It is important to keep the plant well watered to encourage it
How to propagate Sweet Fennel
Planting fennel is easy as seeds can be sown directly into garden soil. Seeds can also be grown in containers and should be covered with a thin layer of potting soil.
Fennel plants can be divided and moved as soon as top growth appears in the new season.
Special features of Sweet Fennel
Attracts useful insects
Florence fennel attracts the mouse moth and the anise swallowtail.
Other uses of Sweet Fennel
Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic
Leaves, flowers, seeds and bulbs are edible and used as a herb, spice or veggetable.
Edible to Sow Under Cover in May
Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.
Edibles to Sow Outdoors in May
If the soil is warm enough, sow direct into prepared beds.