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A picture of a Coriander


Coriandrum sativum

Also known as

Cilantro, Chinese Parsley

Starr 070906-8875 Coriandrum sativum by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Coriander

A close up of some Coriandrum sativum flowers
A close up of some green leaves on a Coriandrum sativum plant
Some white Coriandrum sativum flowers
A close up of some white flowers on a Coriandrum sativum plant
Some Coriandrum sativum leaves

Coriander Overview

Coriandrum sativum is an annual herb that is often used in curries, chutneys and even soups. It is commonly called Coriander or Cilantro. Coriander is a multi-use plant that has also been used in homoeopathic digestive remedies. The umbels of purple flowers make it an attractive plant that can also be used in bedding displays for cottage-style gardens. It can be used as insect repellent too, the seeds and leaves are used in cooking, often with meat in the making of biltong.

Common problems with Coriander

Aphids, various mites, thrips and whitefly. Check under the leaves and inspect regularly.

Coriander Companion Plants

How to harvest Coriander

Harvest the young leaves constantly throughout the growing season though they do not store dry well. Freezing the fresh leaves is the best storage method. Let the seeds dry on the plants and harvest when brown.

How to propagate Coriander


Sowing time ideally in spring/summer. The spacing between 15-20 cm with a sowing depth of 6-8 mm. Germination time on average is around 7-12 days. Thin or replant the little seedlings as soon as they can be handled.

Special features of Coriander

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Repels harmful insects

Repels Aphids and Carrot Root Fly

Other uses of Coriander



Leaves are used to flavour spicy Asian or Middle Eastern dishes. The dried seeds is an important herb in biltong and boerewors. The leaves have a different taste from the seeds.

Insect repellent

The scent of the leaves keep flies away.


It has been used in several homoeopathic digestive remedies.

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