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A picture of a Stone Pine

Stone Pine

Pinus pinea

Also known as

Umbrella Pine, Italian Stone Pine, Parasol Pine, Pignolia-Nut Pine, Mini Christmas Tree, Italian stone pine, Pine

Potted Pinus pinea seedling as christmas tree, Bautzen, Germany by Fiver, der Hellseher (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Stone Pine

A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine

Stone Pine Overview

Widely known for its edible seeds, the Stone Pine is an attractive large pine tree with a long trunk with multiple stems at the top that forks into an umbrella-shaped crown. They grow well in groups, as a screen or as a single specimen. Mature trees have a thick, pink and orange-streaked bark that is fire-resistant. Unfortunately invasive in South Africa, especially in the fynbos biome of the Western Cape.

Common problems with Stone Pine

Stone pines can suffer from damage caused by the fungus Diplodia pinea, which causes new shoots to become brown and stunted, and the fungus Mycosphaerella pini (red band needle blight), which causes red bands and spots on needles, and premature defoliation.

Stone Pine Companion Plants

Mostly planted on their own.

How to harvest Stone Pine

Cones take 3 years to mature before they can be harvested in late winter or spring for the pine nuts.

How to propagate Stone Pine


The most preferred way of propagation.



Special features of Stone Pine

Drought resistant

The pine fragrance given off by the tree is due to oil released from the leaves. It is thought that the oil may help reduce the amount of water lost from the leaves.

Hedge plant

Excellent windbreaker when planted in rows.

Other uses of Stone Pine

Specimen. Year-round interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.


The resin of the stone pine contains turpentine which is used as an antiseptic, a remedy for kidney and bladder problems, and to treat skin conditions.


The cones produce edible pine nuts that have been harvested since prehistoric times. They can be eaten raw or roasted and are used in a number of culinary dishes.


A light soft wood popular to use as timber.


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