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Chicory 'Pan Di Zucchero'

Cichorium intybus 'Pan di Zucchero'

Also known as

Chicory 'Pain De Sucre'

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

H5

RHS hardiness

-15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

50cm

30cm

Min

30cm

2 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Chicory 'Pan Di Zucchero' Overview

Cichorium intybus 'Pan di Zucchero' is a sugar-loaf, non-forcing type of Chicory grown to be harvested in autumn or for young leaves throughout the year. An upright plant with beautiful bright blue flowers. Chicory is thought to have been cultivated as a food plant since about 300 BC, and is still today enjoyed throughout the culinary world. It is best known for being a substitute or additive to coffee. A highly ornamental, but invasive, plant it can be enjoyed in various temperate and cold climate gardens not only for its edible qualities but also for its medicinal applications. This variety is traditionally grown as a salad green.

Common problems with Chicory 'Pan Di Zucchero'

Pests include aphids (Green peach aphid, Lettuce aphid, Plum aphid), darkling beetles, flea beetles, loopers (Cabbage looper, Alfalfa looper), slugs & snails and thrips. Diseases include anthracnose, bacteral soft rot, bottom rot, damping-off, downy mildew, fusarium wilt, septoria blight, and white mold.

    How to harvest Chicory 'Pan Di Zucchero'

    The leaves should be harvested while the leaves are young and tender. If the plants are being grown for their roots then they should be pulled from the soil just before the last frost date. The leaves should be trimmed to about 2.5 cm from the crown and the roots should be trimmed to a uniform size.

    How to propagate Chicory 'Pan Di Zucchero'

    Seed

    Sow in thin rows in sun in most soils. Best to dig plot over in the previous autumn and add compost if soil is poor. Rake in some general fertilizer onto the prepared bed's surface a few days before sowing.

    Special features of Chicory 'Pan Di Zucchero'

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts insects such as bees.

    Pot plant

    Can grow in large containers which can hold its extensive root systems, and provided it is given enough sunlight and good drainage holes.

    Attracts birds

    Crop rotation

    Can be sown in the Autumn months for it's young leaves.

    Other uses of Chicory 'Pan Di Zucchero'

    Culinary, medicinal

    Medicinal

    A treatment for gallstones, gastro-enteritis, sinus problems and cuts and bruises, increases absorption of calcium and other minerals. Well known for its toxicity to internal parasites.

    Edible

    The flowers, leaves and roots are used for salad, baked, ground and used as a coffee substitute and additive. Also grown as food for livestock. The roots are stored in sand to give white leaves.