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A picture of a Birch


Betula spp.

Betula platyphylla 01-10-2005 14.55.52 by TeunSpaans (CC BY 2.5)

Full Sun
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size





  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Birch

A photo of Birch
A photo of Birch
A photo of Birch
A photo of Birch
A photo of Birch

Birch Overview

The genus Betula, colloquially known as birches, contains almost 120 distinct species of small to medium sized deciduous hardwood trees and shrubs with thin leaves. Alders, hazels and hornbeams are also included in this genus, with 11 species threatened with extinction. Located in temperate and subarctic climates, this genus is fairly widespread and extends throughout the Northern Hempisphere. This genus is characterised by distinctive horizontal markings on the bark, which tend to peel and are coloured differently across different species.

Common problems with Birch

How to propagate Birch


Propagation is by grafting in late winter.


Softwood cuttings in the early summer.

Other uses of Birch

Grown for the bark and autumn colour.

Deciduous Trees

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