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A picture of a Brussel Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts

Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera Group) 'Brussels Sprouts'

Also known as


Brussel Sprouts (6498386487) by Peretz Partensky (CC BY 2.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Brussel Sprouts

A close up of a green Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera plant
Some green Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera brussels sprouts
A close up of a Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera plant
A close up of some green vegetables from a Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera plant
A photo of Brussel Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts Overview

Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera group) is the variety of plant that produces the widely cultivated Brussels Sprout. This plant is a medium-sized herbaceous biennial that produces small round buds along its erect stem that are used as a staple vegetable in roast dinners. With a long harvesting season they are an important winter crop in a rotation. Varieties that have earned a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit are: Abacus, Attwood, Brodie, Bronte, Cascade, Clodius. Crispus, Diablo, Dominator, Doric, Green Marble, Igor, Marte, Maximus, Montgomery, Petrus, Revenge, Silverline.

Common problems with Brussel Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts Companion Plants

How to harvest Brussel Sprouts

Depending on the cultivar, Brussel sprouts are ready to harvest from September to February. The sprouts can be picked by hand from the stem.

How to propagate Brussel Sprouts


Sow seeds thinly into seed trays mid-late summer. Transplant the seedlings into the bed with a 45 cm spacing.

Special features of Brussel Sprouts

Crop rotation

Grow Brassicas (Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, Kohl-rabi, Oriental Greens, radish, Swede and Turnips) in areas that previously held Legumes and follow with Potatoes. Rotating crops annually helps avoid the build-up of soil pests and diseases.

Other uses of Brussel Sprouts



The round buds that grow up the stem are edible and often used as a vegetable.

Edible to Sow Under Cover in May

Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.

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