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A picture of a Willow


Salix spp.

Also known as

Osier, Sallow

Salix x sepulcralis 7845 by Przykuta (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size







    • spring
    • summer
    • autumn
    • winter

    More images of Willow

    A photo of Willow
    A photo of Willow
    A photo of Willow
    A photo of Willow
    A photo of Willow

    Willow Overview

    Salix is also widely known as the Willow genus, it contains around 320 deciduous trees and shrubs from the Salicaceae family. This includes some dwarf species that grow to less than 6cm tall, instead spreading across the floor with a creeping habit. Willow are widely grown as ornamental specimens for their growth habit, foliage, catkin inflorescences and in some species, colourful winter shoots. Male plants produce more showy catkins, these are comprised of many tiny flowers with long stamens and no petals, usually cream, white or pink-purple in colour. Salix foliage varies across species, with narrow-leaved shrubs also known by the name osier and broader-leaved species called sallow. Generally leaves are oval to lance-shaped, with either smooth or toothed margins.

    Common problems with Willow

    How to propagate Willow


    You can propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in the summer, by hardwood cuttings in the winter, by seed.



    By layering.

    Special features of Willow

    Attractive leaves

    Attractive flowers

    Other uses of Willow

    Grown for their habit, foliage, catkins and, in some cases, colourful winter shoots. Suitable for coastal conditions. Attracts butterflies

    Deer Resistant Plants

    Although never fully deer proof - they are less likely to eat these.

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    Bog Plants

    Browse our collection of plants that will prefer to grow in bog conditions.

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