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Radicchio Types of Chicory

Cichorium intybus 'Red'

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








9 months to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Radicchio Types of Chicory Overview

Cichorium intybus can be group together into three distinctive types of Chicory - Forcing, Radicchio & Sugar Loaf. Radicchio or Red types have been bred for their leafy heads that turn red in response to the change in daylight. They can be blanched to produce crisp red and white round heads. Sow in June and July, thinning seedlings to 30cm apart and provide plenty of water during dry periods. After 12 weeks of growth the heads can be blanched by placing a black plastic pot over the dry and loosely tied leaves, excluding all light. However, many of the Radicchio types will form good heads whose outer leaves will cause the heads to self blanch with out the need of additional material. Chicory is very similar to Endive and is grown in the same way, and to confuse matters, it is commonly known as Endive by the French. The most commonly known red type is Chicory 'Indigo'.

Common problems with Radicchio Types of Chicory

How to harvest Radicchio Types of Chicory

Forced 'chicons' are ready to be harvested when they are roughly 15cm in height.

How to propagate Radicchio Types of Chicory


You can propagate by seeds in the autumn or spring.

Special features of Radicchio Types of Chicory

Attractive flowers

Crop rotation

Pot plant

Other uses of Radicchio Types of Chicory


Edibles to Sow Outdoors in July

Successional sowings of these quick growing and cropping plants will fill spaces and ensure a prolonged harvest.

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Edible to Sow Under Cover in May

Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.

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