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A picture of a Carnation


Dianthus spp.

Also known as

Pinks, Flower of the gods

Spring Flowers by AutoGyro (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Carnation

A photo of Carnation
A photo of Carnation
A photo of Carnation
A photo of Carnation
A photo of Carnation

Carnation Overview

The genus Dianthus contains around 338 semi-evergreen or evergreen perennial, annual and biennial species of herbaceous plants and subshrubs with woody stems. They are known by the general name Carnation. Usually grown for their strongly scented, highly colourful, filly, 5-petalled flowers, these plants are well placed in rock gardens. Most species display different shades of pink and white flowers, but one is known to have yellow and purple flowers. Dianthus plants mainly originate from Europe and Asia, with some species found in North Africa and one arctic species, Dianthus repens is found in North America. There are many colourful, cultivated forms of this genus and they are common garden plants. Short-lived perennial species are best propagated by division, cuttings or layering. Most species can be grown from seed.

Common problems with Carnation

How to propagate Carnation





Special features of Carnation

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Carnation

Grown for their mass of flowers, often scented, some of which are excellent for cutting. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Chalk Soil Plants - Top 20

These plants will thrive in the free draining conditions created by chalky soils.

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Flowers - Sow Under Cover in May

Sow these seeds for late summer colour and to get an early start on next year.

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