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A picture of a Common Toothwort

Common Toothwort

Lathraea squamaria

Also known as


Lathraea squamaria LC0126 by Jörg Hempel (CC BY-SA 2.0 de)

Full Shade
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size





  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Common Toothwort

Some white Lathraea squamaria flowers
Some pink Lathraea squamaria flowers
A close up of some white pink Lathraea squamaria flowers
A close up of a load of Lathraea squamaria flowers in the wild
A close up of some pink Lathraea squamaria flowers

Common Toothwort Overview

Lathraea squamaria is a parasitic plant in the Orobanchaceae family. It is known by the name Common Toothwort. This species is native to temperate regions of continental Europe to central Asia. It grows on the roots of a range of host plants, often Corylus (Hazel) and Alus (Alder) species. It completely lacks chlorophyll and thus doesn't produce true leaves or photosynthesise. Often found in damp woodland environments, it can parasitise a variety of garden ornamental trees and shrubs including those in the genera Corylus, Ulmus, Fraxinus, Alnus, Juglans and Fagus.

How to propagate Common Toothwort


Seed when fresh in late summer.

Special features of Common Toothwort

Attractive flowers