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A picture of a Land Cress

Land Cress

Barbarea verna

Also known as

American Cress, Bank Cress, Belle Isle Cress, Early Cress, Early Winter Cress, Normandy Cress, Yellow Cress, Yellow Rocket, American Wintercress, Common Wintercress, Early Yellowrocket, Scurvy-Grass, Early winter cress

Barbarea verna 2017-05-05 9591 by Salicyna (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 months to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Land Cress Overview

Barbarea verna is a biennial species that produces dark green leaves in a rosette which are often grown as a watercress substitute as it requires less water and is easier to grow. Provided with plenty of water, land cress will grow in any garden in full sun, but unlike watercress it will not cope with being submerged for long periods. Grown since the 17th century, it is native to southern Europe and western Asia, but has naturalized in temperate regions throughout the world.

Common problems with Land Cress

How to harvest Land Cress

Can be cropped all year round by staggering sowing dates.

How to propagate Land Cress



Seed or division in spring.

Special features of Land Cress

Attractive flowers

Flowers are bright yellow, with 4 petals and these are produced in clusters on upright stems.

Other uses of Land Cress


It's young leaves have a hot spicy flavour that are frequently added to salads.

Edibles to Plant Out in June

Young plants started off indoors can now be planted out.

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Vegetables to Grow Through Winter

These crops will keep growing throughout the winter if provided with some protection from the worst of the winter weather.

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